Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the difference between beet sugar and cane sugar?
A. There is no difference between beet and cane sugar, other than the source. Both are pure sucrose, produced from two different plants. Cane sugar is extracted from the stalks of the sugar cane plant while beet sugar is extracted from the roots of the sugar beet plant. While the production process is different, the end result is the same. Both are equivalent in sweetness.

2. What is the difference between brown and white sugar?
A. Brown or yellow sugars contain granulated sugar plus a small amount of molasses. Some of these sugars are produced by boiling special syrup in a vacuum pan, while others are produced by adding cane syrup to refined white granulated sugar in a mixer. The cane syrups provide the unique flavor to these “soft” sugars.

3. - Is sugar bleached during processing to produce “white” sugar?
A. No, sugar is not bleached during processing. Sugar-containing syrups extracted from either cane or beet are decolourized during the process using bone char (Vancouver only), ion exchange or lime purification but no bleach is used.

4. What is the self life of sugar?
A. When stored under dry conditions, granulated white sugar has an indefinite shelf life because there is insufficient moisture to support microbial growth.

5. How many calories in a teaspoon of sugar?
A. Sugar provides 15 calories per teaspoon (4 grams), or less than 4 calories per gram. In comparison, fats supply about 9 calories per gram.

6. What is carbon credit?
A. Burning of fossil fuels is a major source of industrial greenhouse gas emissions, especially for power, cement, steel, textile, fertilizer and many other industries which rely on fossil fuels (coal, electricity derived from coal, natural gas and oil). The major greenhouse gases emitted by these industries are carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydrofluoro-carbons (HFCs), etc., all of which increase the atmosphere's ability to trap infrared energy and thus affect the climate. The concept of carbon credits came into existence as a result of increasing awareness of the need for controlling emissions.

The mechanism was formalized in the Kyoto Protocol, an international agreement between 170 countries and more and the market mechanisms were agreed through the subsequent Marrakesh Accords. The mechanism adopted was similar to the successful US Acid Rain Program to reduce some industrial pollutants. Under the Kyoto Protocol, the 'caps' or quotas for Greenhouse gases for the developed countries are known as Assigned Amounts. The quantity of the initial assigned amount is denominated in individual units, called Assigned amount units (AAUs), each of which represents an allowance to emit one metric tonne of carbon dioxide equivalent, and these are entered into the country's national registry.